History of Goa
Ruled by the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century B.C., Goa came under the reign of the Satvahanas. After them, Goa was successively ruled by the Chalukya Dynasty, the Silharas, Kadambas and Chalukyas who were the rulers of Deccan India. 1312 saw the reign of the Delhi Sultanate over this state which culminated with the coming of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Bijapur Kings took over the empire and finally in 1510, the whole region came to be ruled over by the Portuguese. Velha Goa, the permanent settlement, was the result of this invasion.
The Portuguese believed in Christianization of the state and the native people were converted to Christianity in masses during this period. 1843 saw the rise of Velha Goa as the capital city. Finally in 1987, Goa which had been given the title of a union territory was established as a state. Daman and Diu continue to be union territories.